نخلة عراقية

سيرة مبدع عراقي

Mohammed Mehdi Al-Jwahery


Mohammed Mehdi Al-Jwahery – an Iraqi poet

The greatest Arab poet- Muhammad Mahdi al-Jawahiry, was born in Najaf province in southern Iraq in 1899, and grew up in a family of good reputation and standings among the religious and literary people of Najaf. His father was one of Najaf scholars who came from a Najafian conservative well known family.

Jawahiry first collection of poetry issued 1928 when he was twenty-five years old under the title (Views of Poetry in Love, Homeland and Praising).
Al-Jawahiry studied Arabic sciences and memorized many ancient and modern poetry, especially the great poet Al-Mutanabi.

He worked in teaching during some periods of his life, and in journalism at other times, he published several newspapers in addition to many collections of poetry.

Al-Jawahiry’s poetry is characterized by its boldness and clarity, especially when it addresses the masses. He was not influenced by any of the European literary currents. Most of topics dealt political events and personal experiences. Many of them appeared as a revolution against traditions and on the corrupt political and social conditions of his time. 

He used to put a hat on his head that sparked controversy and attracted the attention of people. His daughter Khayal Al-Jawahiry mentioned: “My father had flu while he was participating in a literary conference in the former Soviet Union, and doctors advised him to wear a head covering because of an allergy in his head, so a velvet hat that was displayed in the hospital store caught his attention, so he wore it, and since then it remained with him until his death, and he did not take it off even during sleep”
A considerable period of his life he was banished away from his homeland.
He died Sunday, 27th July 1997 in a hospital in the Syrian capital, Damascus at the age of ninety-eight years.
On his grave the map of Iraq was sculptured on granite stone written on it “He lies here far away from the Tigris of Goodness,” in reference to his popular poem.

Al-Jawahiri lived in Baghdad, Al-Qadisiyah neighborhood, and in 2018, the Municipality of Baghdad converted his house into a museum and cultural center called (Bayt Al-Jawahiry).